BioTherapi: Bioinformatics for Therapeutic Peptides and Proteins

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Types of Protein-Based Drugs

1. Cytokines: these drugs regulate the immune system. That is, they are proteins that activate the immune system cells to carry out different immune functions.

2. Hormones: protein drugs that regulate functions in the body. As drugs, these proteins can be used to elevate levels of certain hormones, such as estrogen during menopause or growth deficiency. They can also be used to treat certain diseases such as diabetes, or conditions such as infertility.

3. Clotting factors: proteins that regulate the clotting of blood. These drugs are used to treat blood clotting disorders such as hemophilia.

4. Vaccines: proteins that stimulate the immune system to produce specific antibodies used to prevent or treat diseases.

5. Monoclonal Antibodies: proteins that mark a specific foreign material (such as cancer cells, disease-causing bacteria and viruses), for removal or destruction by other components of the immune system. These are also used as effective diagnostic tools for many specific genetic diseases and other conditions such as pregnancy.

List Of Protein based Drugs

1. Pegvisomant
2. Somatropin recombinant
3. Lutropin alfa
4. Follitropin beta
5. Urofollitropin
6. Menotropins
7. Thyrotropin Alfa
8. Choriogonadotropin alfa
9. Interferon Alfa-2a, Recombinant
10. Interferon alfacon-1
11. Interferon Alfa-2b, Recombinant
12. Interferon beta-1b
13. Interferon beta-1a
14. Interferon alfa-n3
15. Interferon alfa-n1
16. Interferon gamma-1b
17. Peginterferon alfa-2b
18. Peginterferon alfa-2a
19. Aldesleukin
20. Coagulation Factor IX
21. Antihemophilic Factor